Positive results and techniques for obfuscation

Application security is the process of making apps more secure by finding, fixing, and enhancing the security of apps. Much of this happens during the development phase, but it includes tools and methods to protect apps once they are deployed.

This is becoming more important as hackers increasingly target applications with their attacks. Application security is getting a lot of attention. Hundreds of tools are available to secure various elements of your applications portfolio, from locking down coding changes to assessing inadvertent coding threats, evaluating encryption options and auditing permissions and access rights.

There are specialized tools for mobile apps, for network-based apps, and for firewalls designed especially for web applications. Not all of those flaws presents a significant security risk, but the sheer number is troubling. The faster and sooner in the software development process you can find and fix security issues, the safer your enterprise will be. Because everyone makes mistakes, the challenge is to find those mistakes in a timely fashion.

For example, a common coding error could allow unverified inputs. This mistake can turn into SQL injection attacks and then data leaks if a hacker finds them. Application security tools that integrate into your application development environment can make this process and workflow simpler and more effective. These tools are also useful if you are doing compliance audits, since they can save time and the expense by catching problems before the auditors seen them.

**How To Un-Obfuscate Python**

The rapid growth in the application security segment has been helped by the changing nature of how enterprise apps are being constructed in the last several years. Gone are the days where an IT shop would take months to refine requirements, build and test prototypes, and deliver a finished product to an end-user department. The idea almost seems quaint nowadays. Instead, we have new working methods, called continuous deployment and integration, that refine an app daily, in some cases hourly.

This means that security tools have to work in this ever-changing world and find issues with code quickly. Many of these categories are still emerging and employ relatively new products.

This shows how quickly the market is evolving as threats become more complex, more difficult to find, and more potent in their potential damage to your networks, your data, and your corporate reputation. Each weakness is rated depending on the frequency that it is the root cause of a vulnerability and the severity of its exploitation.

While there are numerous application security software product categories, the meat of the matter has to do with two: security testing tools and application shielding products. The former is a more mature market with dozens of well-known vendors, some of them are lions of the software industry such as IBM, CA and MicroFocus. These tools are well enough along that Gartner has created its Magic Quadrant and classified their importance and success.

Review sites such as IT Central Station have been able to survey and rank these vendors, too. Gartner categorizes the security testing tools into several broad buckets, and they are somewhat useful for how you decide what you need to protect your app portfolio:.

Another way to look at the testing tools is how they are delivered, either via an on-premises tool or via a SaaS-based subscription service where you submit your code for online analysis. Some even do both. One caveat is the programming languages supported by each testing vendor. Some limit their tools to just one or two languages. Java is usually a safe bet.

Others are more involved in the Microsoft.GitHub is home to over 50 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Work fast with our official CLI. Learn more. If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again.

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If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. First make sure you have installed the latest version of node. UglifyJS can take multiple input files. It's recommended that you pass the input files first, then pass the options. UglifyJS will parse input files in sequence and apply any compression options.

If you wish to pass your options before the input files, separate the two with a double dash to prevent input files being used as option arguments:. Specify --output -o to declare the output file. UglifyJS can generate a source map file, which is highly useful for debugging your compressed JavaScript. To get a source map, pass --source-map --output output. The value of filename is only used to set file attribute see the spec in source map file.

The above will compress and mangle file1. When you're compressing JS code that was output by a compiler such as CoffeeScript, mapping to the JS code won't be too helpful. Instead, you'd like to map back to the original code i. UglifyJS has an option to take an input source map. You need to pass --compress -c to enable the compressor. Optionally you can pass a comma-separated list of compress options.The NHS is facing a crisis in staffing with large gaps in the nursing and medical workforces in both primary and secondary care.

Recruitment is proving ever more difficult, absenteeism is high and staff are leaving or retiring early. There is no magic solution in sight.

What is application security? A process and tools for securing software

Part of the reason is the sustained work overload staff face, which has been increasing over time. This leads to high levels of staff stress 50 per cent higher than in the working population as a wholeharming the physical and mental health of staff across the NHS.

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It is an unsustainable position which demands a wise and powerful response. Sustaining the NHS as a culture of high-quality compassionate care requires compassionate leadership at every level and in interactions between all parts of the system — from national leaders to local teams.

Compassionate leadership in practice means leaders listening with fascination to those they lead, arriving at a shared rather than imposed understanding of the challenges they face, empathising with and caring for them, and then taking action to help or support them. Such leadership will help us begin to address the problems the service faces because top down national solutions are not working.

Meanwhile, patient care and staff health are being undermined. But there are some myths that must be addressed to ensure people see the value of compassionate leadership. These are that compassionate leadership will mean:. Virtually all NHS staff are committed to providing high quality and compassionate care.

They represent probably the most motivated and skilled workforce in the whole of industry. However, we impose on them a dominant command and control style that has the effect of silencing their voices, suppressing their ideas for new and better ways of delivering patient care and suffocating their intrinsic motivation and fundamental altruism. Released, their motivation and creativity will ensure commitment to purpose and performance.

Their voices are needed to tell us how care can best be improved as the endless remote top-down plans often fail because they ignore the reality of day to day care. Compassionate leadership means creating the conditions — through consistently listening, understanding, empathising and helping — to make it possible to have tough performance management and tough conversations when needed.

Staff complain they only see their leaders when something goes wrong and that even if they do listen, nothing changes after the conversation.

Compassionate leadership ensures a collective focus and a greater likelihood of collective responsibility for ensuring high-quality care. The only way to respond to the challenges that face us in the NHS is through radical innovation — transformational change. That can only come through releasing staff from the rigidities of bureaucracies, command and control hierarchies, and relentless top-down scrutiny and control. And the evidence from research is clear that compassionate leadership is the vital cultural element for innovation in organisations.

Compassionate leadership creates the conditions where the collective good — the needs of patients and communities and staff wellbeing and development — are prioritised over individual agendas, regardless of status, aggression, or undermining. Such leadership creates the conditions where it is possible to identify and challenge inappropriate use of power, hierarchy or control over resources that are inconsistent with the values and vision of our health services.

The courage to listen to tough messages from those we lead. The courage to explore their understanding of the challenges they face and to have our own interpretations challenged and rejected. The courage to feel how draining it is to work a hour week, to not have time to go to the toilet on a shift, to have no access to food and drink on a night shift, or to be on the receiving end of violence or abuse from members of the public. And the courage to accept that practicing compassionate leadership will first and foremost address the most apparently intractable workplace challenges such as excessive workload, staff shortages and ever-increasing demand.

Positive leadership means all things to all people. Compassionate leadership requires huge courage, resilience and belief — it requires a commitment by you as a leader and all staff should be considered leaders in the NHS to be the best that you can be. Putting such leadership into action demonstrates not the myths, but the magic of compassionate leadership. Subscribe to our newsletters to keep up-to-date with the world of health and social care and hear the latest news and views from The King's Fund.

Lots of resources.GitHub is home to over 50 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Work fast with our official CLI. Learn more. If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again.

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If there are any paper need to be updated, you can contribute PR. Abstract: Fuzzing is a method to discover software bugs and vulnerabilities by automatic test input generation which has found tremendous recent interest in both academia and industry. Fuzzing comes in the form of several techniques. On one hand, we have symbolic execution, which enables a particularly effective approach to fuzzing by systematically enumerating the paths of a program.

On the other hand, we have random input generation, which generates large amounts of inputs per second with none or minimal program analysis overhead. In this article, we summarize the open challenges and opportunities for fuzzing and symbolic execution as they emerged in discussions among researchers and practitioners in a Shonan Meeting, and were validated in a subsequent survey.

We take a forward-looking view of the software vulnerability discovery technologies and provide concrete directions for future research. Abstract: Greybox fuzzing has been the most scalable and practical approach to software testing. Most greybox fuzzing tools are coverage guided as code coverage is strongly correlated with bug coverage. However, since most covered codes may not containbugs, blindly extending code coverage is less efficient, especially for corner cases.

Unlike coverage-based fuzzers who extend the code coverage in an undirected manner, a directed fuzzer spends most of its time budget on reaching specific target locations e. Thus, directed greybox fuzzing is particularly suitable for scenarios such as patch testing, bug reproduction, and special bug hunting.

In this paper, we conduct the first in-depth study of directed greybox fuzzing. Based on the feature of DGF, we extract 15 metrics to conducta thorough assessment of the collected tools and systemize the knowledge of this field. Finally, we summarize the challenges and provide perspectives of this field, aiming to facilitate and boost future research on this topic. Abstract: Fuzzing, or fuzz testing, is the process of finding security vulnerabilities in input-parsing code by repeatedly testing the parser with modified, or fuzzed, inputs.

Thousands of security vulnerabilities have been found while fuzzing all kinds of software applications for processing documents, images, sounds, videos, network packets, Web pages, among others.

These applications must deal with untrusted inputs encoded in complex data formats. For example, the Microsoft Windows operating system supports over file formats and includes millions of lines of code just to handle all of these. Abstract: The fuzzy testing technology can effectively detect vulnerabilities.

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This paper introduces the theoretical knowledge of directed fuzzy testing technology, and several state-of-the-art fuzzy testing tools to elaborate the principle, advantages, disadvantages and the prospect of directed fuzzy technology. Abstract: Fuzzing has played an important role in improving software development and testing over the course of several decades.

Recent research in fuzzing has focused on applications of machine learning MLoffering useful tools to overcome challenges in the fuzzing process.

Types of Propaganda, Propaganda Techniques, and Propaganda Strategies

This review surveys the current research in applying ML to fuzzing. Specifically, this review discusses successful applications of ML to fuzzing, briefly explores challenges encountered, and motivates future research to address fuzzing bottlenecks.

Abstract: Security vulnerabilities play a vital role in network security system. Fuzzing technology is widely used as a vulnerability discovery technology to reduce damage in advance. However, traditional fuzzing techniques have many challenges, such as how to mutate input seed files, how to increase code coverage, and how to effectively bypass verification. Machine learning technology has been introduced as a new method into fuzzing test to alleviate these challenges. This paper reviews the research progress of using machine learning technology for fuzzing test in recent years, analyzes how machine learning improve the fuzz process and results, and sheds light on future work in fuzzing.

Firstly, this paper discusses the reasons why machine learning techniques can be used for fuzzing scenarios and identifies six different stages in which machine learning have been used. Then this paper systematically study the machine learning based fuzzing models from selection of machine learning algorithm, pre-processing methods, datasets, evaluation metrics, and hyperparameters setting.Gaming the system also riggingabusingcheatingmilkingplayingworkingor breaking the systemor gaming or bending the rules can be defined as using the rules and procedures meant to protect a system to, instead, manipulate the system for a desired outcome.

positive results and techniques for obfuscation

According to James Rieley, a British advisor to CEOs and an author, structures in companies and organizations both explicit and implicit policies and procedures, stated goals, and mental models drive behaviors that are detrimental to long-term organizational success and stifle competition. Although the term generally carries negative connotations, gaming the system can be used for benign purposes in the undermining and dismantling of corrupt or oppressive organisations.

The first known documented use of the term "gaming the system" is in Henry Paulsonconsidering that the financial crisis of —08 demonstrated that US financial markets had outgrown the ability of the system that had been used to regulate them, saw as a necessity a better framework than US financial markets had used before. This framework would be one that featured less duplication and that restricted the ability of financial firms to pick and choose their own, generally less strict regulators—a practice known as regulatory arbitrage[6] which enabled widespread gaming of the regulatory system.

A similar, contributing effect has been identified within corporate rating systems, where gaming the system becomes virulent when formalization is combined with transparency.

positive results and techniques for obfuscation

Designers of online communities are explicitly warned that whenever one creates a system for managing a community, someone will try to work it to their advantage. Parental divisions on child-rearing will always give the child plenty of opportunity to play one parent off against the other.

According to this theory, this is always a hollow triumph; the child is really hoping that the parents will begin to work together to set limits.

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NHS dentistry in the UK sees the frequent use of "gaming the system" to describe the use of adapting treatment to the payment system, and is frequently referred to as simply "gaming". The practice of adapting treatment to payment systems, rather than clinical need, is thought to be widespread in NHS dentistry and is considered by some to be a result of a poorly-planned target based system.

In performance managementgaming the system is finding ways to achieve good scores on performance metrics for employees or departments without achieving the aims of the corporation which the metrics were instigated to promote.

This is related to the well-known problem inherent in incentive system design, sometimes known as perverse incentivein that people will tend to pursue incentives, even by means that make no common sense, should the incentive be naively constructed. For instance, criticism of author-level metrics in science often described the vulnerabilities to gaming strategies of such metrics.

Whenever greater transparency is brought by the government to previously secret decisions, those decision processes become more gameable. Parties adjust their behavior to maximize their outcomes. The case of algorithmic governance is not exceptional. Regulated parties might even employ adversarial machine learning in order to fool algorithmic models.

Eric Berne identified a kind of gaming the system in a clinical context through what he called the game of "Psychiatry", with its motto "You will never cure me, but you will teach me to be a better neurotic play a better game of 'Psychiatry'.In other words, we present a list of social influence tactics used in everything from online trolling, to slanted reporting on TV, to print advertisements. The main goal here will be to clue you in on the history of propaganda, the nature of propaganda, and to what is happening here in with a specific focus on the online space so you can avoid being indoctrinated, can help educate others, and can help combat negative influencers.

Propaganda is information delivered through any medium designed to persuade, manipulate emotion, and change opinion rather than to inform using logical truths and facts. Consider, rhetoric has been long studied as the art of effective persuasion in speech. Shaping perception and influencing can be done in a moral, immoral, or amoral way, either for the benefit of the one, few, or many, either for a special interest or the general interest.

Thus, how we should view propaganda depends on the intentions, specific tactics used, and context. Propaganda Medium types can include news, talk-show segments, advertising, public-service announcements, advertisements, books, leaflets, web pages, comments online, speeches, posters, etc.

There is no means of human communication which may not also be a means of deliberate propaganda, because propaganda is simply the establishing of reciprocal understanding between an individual and a group. On Manufacturing Consent and Shaping Public Opinion : Propaganda is looking to change your mind, logically there are only so many things it is really going to try to do at its core.

It is either trying to get you to consent to something or to dissent. Propaganda either wants you to have a negative emotional response to something or a positive one. Rarely is it simply trying to give you useful information without a motive.

positive results and techniques for obfuscation

Complex and nuanced information is very hard to propagandize, as many propaganda techniques require simple slogans, simple emotions, and simple calls to action. Capitalism, 2. Democrats, 3. All states essentially sell their Civil Religion ours being one of liberty, equality, and capitalism in a two party system.

This is normal. What we want to be on gaurd against is buying the cart with the horse for example, buying into foreign propaganda aimed against one of the two parties out of an affinity for the other party, or buying into a plank like prohibition out of party loyalty.

For example, name calling, appeals to authority, exploiting emotions, presenting conflicting theories to confuse the public we cover a long list of these techniques below.

One tactic this brand of talking head uses is that they use emotion anger in the case of Jones and Downey Jr. Once you start to mirror their anger, then at that point they start to indoctrinate you with strange views. Ever notice how Democrat is a dirty word in some circles? One tactic propagandists use is that they anchor negative emotions to a word! Everyone has an angle, this page is going to teach you how to spot it.

Ron Paul acts like a nut on the Morton Downey jr show The time isits the end of the Reagan era and people like Jones, Stone, Trump, Roger Ailes and more are a catching on to this new hip fad.

What is it? What could go wrong? All these are examples of modern propaganda, we report, you decide if it is the good or bad type. Propaganda strategies describe complex sets of tactics that are used to manipulate public opinion. Adam Curtis — Oh Dearism.

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This can be as simple and positive as a family, country, and school socializing young people, or it can take a more insidious form as it does with some of the more negative forms of propaganda. The purpose of propaganda is to indoctrinate someone with a viewpoint, how that is done and what viewpoint a person is indoctrinated with, and the intentions behind the indoctrination matter in terms of judging the morality of the indoctrination.

The Brainwashing of My Dad Trailer. If you get what Fox News does, then you can get the gist of what the left-wing does. When a talking point is passed around and repeated ad nauseam, and when that point is meant to elicit strong emotions, thereby anchoring the emotion to the talking point… it is most certainly a type of propaganda.

The main stream media contains lots of pure and real information, after-all they have standards even in this post-fairness doctrine world like the equal time rule … but there is a bit more going on there.

When information conveyed via media is biased, and when the point is to influence and not just to inform, the news can act as propaganda that leads to indoctrination rather than unbiased information that leads to being informed.Reputation management refers to the influencing and controlling or concealing of an individual's or group's reputation.

Originally a public relations term, the growth of the internet and social mediaalong with reputation management companies, have made search results a core part of an individual's or group's reputation.

With extensive developments in this field of public relations, in-sync with the growth of the internet and social media, along with the advent of reputation management companies, the overall outlook of search results has become an integral part of what defines "reputation" and subsequent to all these developments, reputation management now exists under two spheres: online and offline reputation management.

Online reputation management focuses on the management of product and service search results within the digital space, that is why it is common to see the same suggested links in the first page of a Google search. Offline reputation management shapes public perception of a said entity outside the digital sphere using select clearly defined controls and measures towards a desired result ideally representing what stakeholders think and feel about that entity.

Within the last decade of active social media use, marketing a company and promoting their products online have become large components of businesses and their strategies. In terms of reputation management, companies must now be more aware of how they are perceived by their audiences both inside and outside of their target market.

A problem which often arises from this is false advertising [6]. In the past monetising internet posts and blogs would have been a foreign concept to most corporations and their consumers. However, due to the competitive market, it is far more difficult to get noticed and become popular within the realm of online business or among influencers because of how the algorithms work on social media.

The more funds a company has, the more marketing they can produce and the more money can be put into restoring or furthering their reputations. Reputation is a social construct based on the opinion other people hold about a person or thing. Before the internet was developed, consumers wanting to learn about a company had few options.

They had access to resources such as the Yellow Pages, but mostly relied on word-of-mouth. A company's reputation depended on personal experience. Public relations was developed to manage the image and build the reputation of a company or individual.

Originally, public relations included printed media, events and networking campaigns.

Reputation management

InGoogle was founded. The popularity of the internet introduced new marketing and branding opportunities. Where once journalists were the main source of media content, blogs, review sites and social media gave a voice to consumers regardless of qualification.


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